Albert Camus Best Books and Series:

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Birth Date: 7 November 1913
Birth Place: Dréan
Known as: | Camus |
Sex: male
Awards: | Nobel Prize in Literature |
Nomitations: Nobel Prize in Literature Nobel Prize in Literature Nobel Prize in Literature Nobel Prize in Literature Nobel Prize in Literature Nobel Prize in Literature Nobel Prize in Literature
Birth date: 7 November 1913
Birth place: Dréan
Death date: 4 January 1960
Death place: Villeblevin
Death manner: | accident |
Death cause: car collision
Place of burial: Lourmarin
Time period: contemporary philosophy
Father: None
Mother: None
Spouses: | Simone Hié | | Francine Faure |
Unmarried partners: | Blanche Balain | | María Casares | | Mamaine Koestler | | María Casares | | Catherine Sellers | | Mette Ivers |
Children: | Catherine Camus | | Jean Camus |
Native languages: | French |
Writing languages: | French |
All languages: | French |
Political parties:
Member of: American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Religions: | atheism |
Ethnic groups:
Movements: | continental philosophy |
Participant in:
Positions held:
Also known as: | Camus |
Native name: Albert Camus (French)
Birth name: None
Married name: None
Family name: | Camus |
Official name: None
Copyright: works protected by copyrights
Citizenship: | France |
Medical conditions:
Residence: | France |
Net worth: None
Education: | Algiers 1 University |
Influenced by: | Søren Kierkegaard | | André Malraux | | Plotinus | | Friedrich Nietzsche | | Franz Kafka | | Jean Grenier | | André Gide | | Fyodor Dostoyevsky | | Lev Shestov | | Martin Heidegger | | Karl Jaspers | | Simone de Beauvoir | | Jean-Paul Sartre |
In works:
Described by: | Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1969–1978) | | Orthodox Encyclopedia | | Dictionary of African Biography | | Obalky | | Medvik | | Internetowa encyklopedia PWN |
Instagram: None
Youtube: None
Tiktok: None
Twitter: None
Vk: None
Telegram: None
Work period start: None
Work period end: None
Genres: - novel -
Work locations: | Paris |
Fields of work: | philosophy | | literature | | journalism | | ethics | | existence | | political philosophy |
Occupation: | writer | | philosopher | | novelist | | journalist | | essayist | | playwright | | screenwriter | | French Resistance fighter | | poet | | professor | | association football player |
Employer: | L'Express | | Alger républicain |
Owner of:
Archives at:

Albert Camus Biography and Interesting Facts

Albert Camus ( kam-OO, US also kə-MOO; French: [albɛʁ kamy] (listen); 7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, dramatist and journalist. He was awarded the 1957 Nobel Prize in Literature at the age of 44, the second-youngest recipient in history. His works include The Stranger, The Plague, The Myth of Sisyphus, The Fall, and The Rebel. Camus was born in French Algeria to Pieds Noirs parents. He spent his childhood in a poor neighbourhood and later studied philosophy at the University of Algiers. He was in Paris when the Germans invaded France during World War II in 1940. Camus tried to flee but finally joined the French Resistance where he served as editor-in-chief at Combat, an outlawed newspaper. After the war, he was a celebrity figure and gave many lectures around the world. He married twice but had many extramarital affairs. Camus was politically active; he was part of the left that opposed Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union because of their totalitarianism. Camus was a moralist and leaned towards anarcho-syndicalism. He was part of many organisations seeking European integration. During the Algerian War (1954–1962), he kept a neutral stance, advocating for a multicultural and pluralistic Algeria, a position that caused controversy and was rejected by most parties. Philosophically, Camus's views contributed to the rise of the philosophy known as absurdism. Some consider Camus's work to show him to be an existentialist, even though he himself firmly rejected the term throughout his lifetime.


Early years and education

Albert Camus was born on 7 November 1913 in a working-class neighbourhood in Mondovi (present-day Dréan), in French Algeria. His mother, Catherine Hélène Camus (née Sintès), was French with Balearic Spanish ancestry. He never knew his father, Lucien Camus, a poor French agricultural worker killed in the Battle of the Marne in 1914 during World War I. Camus, his mother and other relatives lived without many basic material possessions during his childhood in the Belcourt section of Algiers. Camus was a second-generation French in Algeria, a French territory from 1830 until 1962. His paternal grandfather, along with many others of his generation, had moved to Algeria for a better life during the first decades of the 19th century. Hence, he was called pied-noir, ''black foot''—a slang term for French people born in Algeria. His identity and poor background had a substantial effect on his later life. Nevertheless, Camus was a French citizen and enjoyed more rights than Arab and Berber Algerians under indigénat. During his childhood, he developed a love for football and swimming.Under the influence of his teacher Louis Germain, Camus gained a scholarship in 1924 to continue his studies at a prestigious lyceum (secondary school) near Algiers. In 1930, at the age of 17, he was diagnosed with tuberculosis. Because it is a transmitted disease, he moved out of his home and stayed with ... Read full biography