Josef Albers Best Books and Series:

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Birth Date: 19 March 1888
Birth Place: Bottrop
Known as: | Joseph Albers | | Albers |
Sex: male
Awards: | Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany | | AAAS Fellow | | AIGA Medal |
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Birth date: 19 March 1888
Birth place: Bottrop
Death date: 25 March 1976
Death place: New Haven
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Spouses: | Anni Albers |
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All languages: | German |
American Academy of Arts and Sciences American Abstract Artists
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Member of: American Academy of Arts and Letters
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Movements: | op art | | abstract art |
Participant in: | Documenta 1 | | 4. documenta |
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Also known as: | Joseph Albers | | Albers |
Native name: Josef Albers (German)
Birth name: None
Married name: None
Family name: | Albers |
Pseudonyms: | Albers, Yozef‏; Albers, Joseph |
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Copyright: works protected by copyrights
Citizenship: | Germany | | United States of America |
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Education: | Academy of Fine Arts, Munich | | Bauhaus | | Willem de Kooning Academy |
Students: | Florence Henri | | Sewell Sillman |
Student: | Franz Stuck | | Johannes Itten |
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Described by: | Metropolitan Museum of Art Constituent Database |
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Genres: - abstract art -
Work locations: | Dessau | | Essen | | Munich | | Weimar | | Mexico | | New Haven | | Black Mountain |
Fields of work: | art of painting |
Occupation: | painter | | university teacher | | photographer | | designer | | printmaker | | sculptor | | glass artist |
Employer: | Black Mountain College | | Yale University |
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Archives at: | Archives of American Art | | Frick Collection and Frick Art Reference Library Archives | | The Josef and Anni Albers Foundation |

Josef Albers Biography and Interesting Facts

Josef Albers (; German: [ˈalbɐs]; March 19, 1888 – March 25, 1976) was a German-born artist and educator. The first living artist to be given a solo shows at MoMA and at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, he taught at the Bauhaus and Black Mountain College, headed Yale University's department of design, and is considered one of the most influential teachers of the visual arts in the twentieth century. As an artist, Albers worked in several disciplines, including photography, typography, murals and printmaking. He is best known for his work as an abstract painter and a theorist. His book Interaction of Color was published in 1963.

Biography

German years

Formative years in Westphalia

Albers was born into a Roman Catholic family of craftsmen in Bottrop, Westphalia, Germany in 1888. His father, Lorenzo Albers, was variously a housepainter, carpenter, and handyman. His mother came from a family of blacksmiths. His childhood included practical training in engraving glass, plumbing, and wiring, giving Josef versatility and lifelong confidence in the handling and manipulation of diverse materials. He worked from 1908 to 1913 as a schoolteacher in his home town; he also trained as an art teacher at Königliche Kunstschule in Berlin, Germany, from 1913 to 1915. From 1916 to 1919 he began his work as a printmaker at the Kunstgewerbschule in Essen, where he learnt stained-glass making with Dutch artist Johan Thorn Prikker. In 1918 he received his first public commission, Rosa mystica ora pro nobis, a stained-glass window for a church in Bottrop. In 1919 he moved to Munich, Germany, to study at the Königliche Bayerische Akademie der Bildenden Kunst, where he was a pupil of Max Doerner and Franz Stuck.

Entry into the Bauhaus

Albers enrolled as a student in the preliminary course (vorkurs) of Johannes Itten at the Weimar Bauhaus in 1920. Although Albers had studied painting, it was as a maker of stained glass that he joined the faculty of the Bauhaus in 1922, approaching his chosen medium as a component of architecture and as a stand-alone art form. The director and founder of the Bauhaus, Walter Gropius, asked him in 1923 to teach in the preliminary course 'Werklehre' of the department of design to introduce newcomers to the principles of handicrafts, because Albers came from that background and had appropriate practice and knowledge. In 1925, the year the Bauhaus moved to Dessau, Albers was promoted to professor. At this time, he married Anni Albers (née Fleischmann) who was a student at the institution. His work in Dessau included designing furniture and working with glass. As a younger instructor, he was teaching at the Bauhaus among established artists who included Oskar Schlemmer, Wassily Kandinsky, and Paul Klee. The so-called "form master" Klee taught the formal aspects in the glass workshops where Albers was the "crafts master"; they cooperated for several years.

Emigration to the United States< ... Read full biography